Insects and Mites Banner

Insects, Mites & Earthworms

Insects and mites are related in that their skeletons are on the outside (Phyllum: Arthropoda), but differ in that adult insects have six legs and adult mites have eight.  Both groups can be beneficial, neutral or destructive to their environment.  Like nematodes, they can cause yearly losses in the billions of dollars for agricultural crops around the world.

PEST RATING PROPOSALS:

DIPTERA

Silba adipata McAlpine: black fig fly
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                    Comment Period: 07/13/2021 – 08/27/2021  

HEMIPTERA

Aleurotulus anthuricola Nakahara: anthurium whitefly
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: C                   Comment Period: 01/20/2022 – 03/06/2022

Aspidiella sacchari (Cockerell): sugarcane scale
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                   Comment Period: 01/06/2022 – 02/20/2022  

Dialeurodes kirkaldyi (Kotinsky): Arabian jasmine whitefly
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                   Comment Period: 01/20/2022 – 03/06/2022

Dialeurodes schefflerae Hodges & Dooley: schefflera whitefly
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: C                   Comment Period: 01/20/2022 – 03/06/2022

Fiorinia japonica Kuwana: coniferous fiorinia scale
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: B                   Comment Period: 12/15/2021 – 01/29/2022

Geococcus coffeae Green: coffee root mealybug
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                   Comment Period: 12/30/2021 – 02/13/2022

Lepidosaphes laterochitinosa Green: an armored scale
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                   Comment Period: 12/15/2021 – 01/29/2022

Lepidosaphes tokionis (Kuwana): croton mussel scale
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                   Comment Period: 01/20/2022 – 03/06/2022 

Pseudischnaspis bowreyi (Cockerell): Bowrey scale
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                   Comment Period: 12/17/2021 – 01/31/2022  

Pseudococcus lycopodii Beardsley: a mealybug
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: C                   Comment Period: 12/21/2021 – 02/04/2022

Rhizoecus americanus (Hambleton): root mealybug
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: A                   Comment Period: 01/06/2022 – 02/20/2022

LEPIDOPTERA

Dichomeris acuminatus (Staudinger): alfalfa leaftier
Current Pest Rating:  Q Proposed Pest Rating: B                    Comment Period: 12/17/2021 – 01/31/2022

Epiphyas postvittana (Walker): light brown apple moth (LBAM)
Current Pest Rating:  A Proposed Pest Rating: C                    Comment Period: 12/22/2021 – 02/05/2022 

PEST RATINGS:

ACARI

Acalitus phloeocoptes (Nalepa): Plum bud gall mite
Pest Rating: B

Germander crinkle mite | Aculus teucrii (Nalepa)
Pest Rating: C

Ice plant mite | Aceria mesembryanae Smith-Meyer
Pest Rating: Q

Hoary cress gall mite Aceria drabae (Nal.)
Pest Rating: D

Peacock Mite | Tuckerella sp.
Pest Rating: A

 BLATTODEA

Three-lined Cockroach | Luridiblatta trivittata
Pest Rating: C

COLEOPTERA

Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire: Emerald ash borer
Pest Rating: A

Ambrosia Beetle | Euwallacea similis (Ferrari)
Pest Rating: A

Ambrosia Beetle |  Xylosandrus amputatus (Blandford)
Pest Rating: A

Anthonomus rubi (Herbst): strawberry blossom weevil
Pest Rating: A

Banded Elm Bark Beetle | Scolytus schevyrewi Semenov
Pest Rating: C

A Bark Beetle | Pycnarthrum hispidum (Ferrari)
Pest Rating: C

Bark Beetle | Coccotrypes rutschuruensis Eggers
Pest Rating: A

Beetle | Anomala ausonia Erichson
Pest Rating: A

Beetle: Dactylotrypes longicollis (Wollaston)
Pest Rating: C

Beetle | Dyscinetus dubius (Olivier)
Pest Rating: A

Beetle | Semanotus sinoauster Gressitt
Pest Rating: A

Black Pine Bark Beetle | Hylastes ater (Paykull)
Pest Rating: A

Black Timber Bark Beetle | Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford)
Pest Rating: A

Black Twig Borer | Xylosandrus compactus (Eichhoff)
Pest Rating: A

Camphor Shot Borer | Cnestus mutilatus (Blandford)
Pest Rating: A

Camphor Shot Borer | Cnestus mutilatus (Blandford)
Pest Rating: A

Ceratapion basicorne (Illiger): a weevil
Pest Rating: D

Cereal Leaf Beetle: Oulema melanopus (Linnaeus)
Pest Rating:  B

Click Beetle | Conoderus posticus (Eschscholtz)
Pest Rating: A  

Coffee Bean Weevil | Araecerus fasciculatus
Pest Rating: B

Cyclorhipidion distinguendum (Eggers): an ambrosia beetle
Pest Rating: C

Diaprepes Root Weevil | Diaprepes abbreviatus
Pest Rating: B

Dwarf Siberian Pine Beetle | Dryocoetes pini
Pest Rating: A

Garden Chafer | Phyllopertha horticola (L.)
Pest Rating: A

Granulate Ambrosia Beetle | Xylosandrus crassiusculus Motschulsky
Pest Rating: A

Hylesinus cingulatus Blandford
Pest Rating: A

Hypothenemus eruditus Westwood
Pest Rating: B

Icosium tomentosum Ganglebauer: a longhorn beetle
Pest Rating: B

Japanese Pine Sawyer | Monochamus alternatus (Hope)
Pest Rating: A

Jewel Beetle | Actenodes auronotatus (Gory & Laporte)
Pest Rating: A

Lilioceris lilii (Scopoli): lily leaf beetle
Pest Rating: A

Longhorned Beetle | Acalolepta aesthetica (Olliff)
Pest Rating: A

Longhorned Beetle | Arhopalus pinetorum (Wollaston)
Pest Rating: A

Longhorned Beetle | Plagionotus arcuatus (Linnaeus)
Pest Rating: A

Mediterranean pine engraver | Orthotomicus erosus (Wollaston)
Pest Rating: C

New Guinea Sugarcane Weevil | Rhabdoscelus obscurus (Boisduval)
Pest Rating: A

Olive Bark Beetle | Phloeotribus scarabaeoides (Bernard)
Pest Rating: B

Palmetto weevil | Rhynchophorus cruentatus (Fabricius)
Pest Rating: A

Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer: Euwallacea sp. nr. fornicatus
Pest Rating:  B

Red-Black False Blister Beetle: Ananca bicolor (Fairmaire)
Pest Rating:  B

Redneck Longhorn Beetle | Aromia bungii
Pest Rating: A

Rice Beetle | Dyscinetus morator (Fabricius)
Pest Rating: A

Sap Beetle:  Brachypeplus basalis (Erichson)
Pest Rating:  B

Scarab Beetle | Gymnetis stellata (Latreille)
Pest Rating: A

Scolytid Weevil: Pagiocerus frontalis (Fabricius)
Pest Rating:  B

Seed Beetle | Bruchidius terrenus
Pest Rating:  B

Slender-banded Pine Cone Longhorn Beetle | Chlorophorus strobilicola Champion
Pest Rating: A

Small Hive Beetle (SHB): Aethina tumida Murray
Pest Rating: B

Small Spruce Bark Beetle | Polygraphus poligraphus (L.)
Pest Rating: A

South American Palm Weevil | Rhynchophorus palmarum (Linnaeus)
Pest Rating: B

Sri Lankan weevil | Myllocerus undecimpustulatus undatus
Pest Rating:  A

Strangulate Weevil | Trochorhopalus strangulatus (Gyllenhal)
Pest Rating: A

Sugarcane Beetle | Euetheola humilis rugiceps (LeConte)
Pest Rating: A

Taiwan Slender Longhorned Beetle: Stenhomalus taiwanus Matsushita
Pest Rating: A

Trichoferus campestris (Faldermann): velvet longhorn beetle
Pest Rating: B

Trypodendron signatum (Fabricius)
Pest Rating: A

Twobanded Japanese Weevil | Pseudocneorhinus bifasciatus (Roelofs)
Pest Rating: A

Weevil | Dryophthorus homoeorhynchus Perkins
Pest Rating: C

Weevil | Oxydema longula (Boheman)
Pest Rating: C

West Indian Sugarcane Weevil | Metamasius hemipterus (L.)
Pest Rating:  C 

Xyleborus monographus (Fabricius): Mediterranean oak borer
Pest Rating:  B

Xyleborus pfeilii (Ratzeburg): an ambrosia beetle
Pest Rating: C                              

DIPTERA

Allium Leafminer: Phytomyza gymnostoma Loew
Pest Rating: A

Apple Leaf Gall Midge: Dasineura mali (Kieffer)
Pest Rating:  A

Daylily Leafminer: Ophiomyia kwansonis Sasakawa
Pest Rating:  B

European Pine Resin Midge | Cecidomyia pini (DeGeer)
Pest Rating: A

Ginger Maggot: Eumerus figurans (Walker)
Pest Rating:  B

Lamprolonchaea smaragdi Walker: a fly
Pest Rating: C                    

An Ornamental Fig Pest: Horidiplosis ficifolii Harris
Pest Rating:  B

Resseliella maxima Gagné: soybean gall midge
Pest Rating: A

Striped Vinegar Fly: Zaprionus indianus Gupta
Pest Rating: B

Tomato leaf miner | Liriomyza bryoniae (Kaltenbach)
Rating: A

HAPLOTAXIDA

Perionyx excavatus (Perrier): blue worm
Pest Rating: C

HEMIPTERA

Agave Mealybugs: Paracoccus gillianae and Pseudococcus inconstans (formerly variabilis and sp. A)
Pest Rating: C

Agave Scale:  Acutaspis agavis (Townsend & Cockerell)
Pest Rating: B

Alazon Mealybug | Dysmicoccus grassii (Leonardi)
Pest Rating:  A

Aphalara itadori (Shinji): a psyllid
 Pest Rating: D

Annona/Gray Pineapple Mealybug | Dysmicoccus neobrevipes
 Pest Rating: A

Armored Scale | Melanaspis leivasi (Costa Lima)
Pest Rating: A

Aspidiotus excisus Green: Aglaonema scale
Pest Rating: A

Aspidiella hartii (Cockerell): a scale
Pest Rating: A

Balsam Woolly Adelgid |  Adelges piceae
Pest Rating: B

Bamboo pit scale | Bambusaspis miliaris (Boisduval)
Pest Rating: B

Banana Mealybug:  Pseudococcus elisae Borchsenius
Pest Rating:  A

Barber Giant Mealybug | Puto barberi (Cockerell)
Pest Rating: A

Bondar’s Nesting Whitefly: Paraleyrodes bondari Peracchi
Pest Rating:  A

Boxwood Scale: Pinnaspis buxi (Bouché)
Pest Rating: A

Bougainvillea Mealybug: Phenacoccus peruvianus Granara de Willink
Pest Rating: B

Bronze Bug: Thaumastocoris peregrinus Carpintero and Dellapé
Pest Rating: B

A Burrowing Bug | Rhytidoporus indentatus Uhler
Pest Rating: C

Citrus Snow Scale:  Unaspis citri Comstock
Pest Rating:  A

Cotton Seed Bug |  Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (Costa)
Pest Rating: A

Crapemyrtle Scale: Acanthococcus lagerstroemiae
Pest Rating: A

Curtain Fig Psyllid: Macrohomotoma gladiata
Pest Rating: B

Cycad Aulacaspis Scale:  Aulacaspis yasumatsui Takagi
Pest Rating:  A

Cycad Poliaspis Scale | Poliaspis media Maskell
Pest Rating: B

Duges wax scale | Ceroplastes dugesii Lichtenstein
Pest Rating: A

Elongate Hemlock Scale: Fiorinia externa Ferris
Pest Rating: A

False Trochanter Mealybug | Pseudococcus dolichomelos Gimpel and Miller
Pest Rating: A

Ficus Leaf-rolling Psyllid: Trioza brevigenae Mathur
Pest Rating: B

Ficus Whitefly: Singhiella simplex (Singh)
Pest Rating:  B

Fig Wax Scale | Ceroplastes rusci (L.)
Pest Rating:  A

Floridana Scale: Lindingaspis floridana Ferris
Pest Rating:  B

Florida Wax Scale | Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock
Pest Rating: A

Fly Speck Scale:  Gymnaspis aechmeae Newstead
Pest Rating:  B

Garden Fleahopper: Halticus bractatus
Pest Rating: A

Gray Scale | Pseudoparlatoria ostreata Cockerell
Pest Rating: A

Gray Sugarcane Mealybug | Trionymus boninsis (Kuwana)
Pest Rating: A

Green Scale: Coccus viridis
Pest Rating: A

Harrisia Cactus Mealybug | Hypogeococcus pungens Granara de Willink
Pest Rating: A

Hemlock Scale: Hemiberlesia ithacae (Ferris)
Synonym: Abgrallaspis ithacae
Pest Rating: B  

Herculeana Scale: Clavaspis herculeana
Pest Rating: A

Hoplocallis picta (Ferrari): an aphid
Pest Rating: A

Jack Beardsley mealybug: Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi
Pest Rating: A  

A Leafhopper | Paraulacizes irrorata (Fabricius)
Pest Rating: A

Lepidosaphes chinensis Chamberlin: Chinese mussel scale
Pest Rating: A

Lesser Snow Scale: Pinnaspis strachani (Cooley)
Pest Rating: A

Longan Scale: Thysanofiorinia nephelii (Maskell)
Pest Rating:  B

Lychee scale | Thysanofiorinia leei Williams
Pest Rating: A

Magnolia White Scale: Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley)
Pest Rating: A

Mango Scale | Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead
Pest Rating: A

Mango Scale: Radionaspis indica
Pest Rating: B

Mango Shield Scale: Milviscutulus mangiferae (Green)
Pest Rating: A

Masked Scale: Mycetaspis personata (Comstock)
Pest Rating: A

A Mealybug: Dysmicoccus texensis (Tinsley)
Pest Rating: A

Mealybug | Ferrisia dasylirii (Cockerell)
Pest Rating: C

A Mealybug | Nipaecoccus floridensis Beardsley
Pest Rating: A

Mealybug | Palmicultor browni (Williams)
Pest Rating: A

A Mealybug | Trionymus sasae (Kanda)
Pest Rating: A

Mealybug | Vryburgia succulentarum Williams
Pest Rating: A

Mining Scale: Howardia biclavis
Pest Rating: A

Miscanthicoccus miscanthi (Takahashi) – Miscanthus mealybug
Pest Rating: B

Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead): Lebbeck mealybug
Pest Rating: A

Odermatt Mealybug | Pseudococcidae mealybug
Pest Rating: A

Oriental Scale: Aonidiella orientalis
Pest Rating: A

Pacific Mealybug: Planococcus minor (Maskell) 
Pest Rating: A 

Palm Mealybug | Palmicultor palmarum (Ehrhorn)
Pest Rating: A  

Papaya Mealybug | Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink
Pest Rating: A

Pellaea stictica (Dallas): stinkbug
Pest Rating: C

Phalacrococcus howertoni Hodges & Hodgson: Croton Scale
Pest Rating: A

Phorodon cannabis Passerini: cannabis aphid
Pest Rating: C

Pink Hibiscus Mealybug | Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green)
Pest Rating:  A

Plant Bug | Rubrocuneocoris calvertae Henry
Pest Rating: A

A Planthopper:  Kallitaxila granulata (Stål)
Pest Rating:  A

Protea Mealybug:  Delottococcus confusus (De Lotto)
Pest Rating:  C  

Protea Mealybug: Paracoccus hakeae (Williams)
Synonym: Phenacoccus hakeae
Pest Rating:  C 

Pseudaonidia duplex (Cockerell): camphor scale
Pest Rating:  A

Pseudococcus landoi (Balachowsky): Lando mealybug
Pest Rating: A

Red Streaked Leafhopper: Balclutha rubrostriata (Melichar)
Pest Rating: A

Red Wax Scale | Ceroplastes rubens Maskell
Pest Rating:  A

Root Mealybug: Ripersiella hibisci (Kawai & Takagi)
Pest Rating: A

Rufous Scale | Selenaspidus articulatus (Morgan)
Pest Rating: A

Seed Bugs | Nysius spp.
Pest Rating: NR

A Seed Bug | Ochrimnus mimulus (Stål)
Pest Rating: A

Soft scale | Coccus capparidis (Green)
Pest Rating: A                        

Soft scale | Coccus moestus De Lotto
 Pest Rating: A                        

Soft Scale | Kilifia americana Ben-Dov
Pest Rating: A

Spanish Moss Orthezia: Graminorthezia tillandsiae (Morrison)
Pest Rating: C

Spiraling Whitefly: Aleurodicus dispersus Russell
Pest Rating: A

Spotted Lanternfly:  Lycorma delicatula White
Pest Rating:  A

Stellate Scale: Ceroplastes stellifer
Synonym: Vinsonia stellifera
Pest Rating: A

Stink Bug | Kalkadoona pallida (Van Duzee)
Pest Rating: A

Striped mealybug | Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)
Pest Rating: A

Taro Planthopper: Tarophagus colocasiae
Pest Rating: B

Tea Scale of Camellia | Fiorinia phantasma Cockerell & Robinson
Pest Rating: A

Thysanococcus pandani Stickney: Pandanus Halimococcia
Pest Rating: A

Trilobe Scale: Pseudaonida trilobitiformis (Green)
Hemiptera: Diaspididae
Pest Rating: A

Tropical Palm Scale | Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)
Pest Rating: A

Toumeyella parvicornis (Cockerell): pine tortoise scale
Pest Rating: A                    

Two-lined Spittlebug | Prosapia bicincta (Say)
Pest Rating: A

Unilobed Scale:  Pinnaspis uniloba (Kuwana)
Pest Rating:  B

Waratah Scale: Pseudaulacaspis brimblecombei Williams
Pest Rating:  A

Whitefly | Aleurotrachelus anonae Corbett
Pest Rating: A

White Fly: Asiothrixus antidesmae (Takahashi)
Pest Rating: A

White Peach Scale: Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni)
Pest Rating: A

White Prunicola Scale | Pseudaulacaspis prunicola (Maskell)
Pest Rating: A

HYMENOPTERA 

Anagyrus callidus Triapitsyn, Andreason & Perring Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae
Pest Rating:  D

An Ant:  Ochetellus glaber (Mayr)
Pest Rating:  A

An Ant | Pheidole dentigula
Pest Rating: A

Asian Needle Ant | Brachyponera chinensis
Pest Rating: A

Bigheaded Ant: Pheidole megacephala
Pest Rating:  A

Compact Carpenter Ant | Camponotus planatus
Pest Rating: A

Difficult White-Footed Ant  |  Technomyrmex difficilis Forel
Pest Rating: A

Erythrina gall wasp: Quadrastichus erythrinae
Pest Rating: B

Eucalyptus Gall Wasp: Ophelimus maskelli (Ashmead)
Pest Rating: C

Florida Carpenter Ant | Camponotus floridanus (Buckley)
Pest Rating: A  

Flower Ant | Monomorium floricola
Pest Rating: A

Ganaspis brasiliensis (Ihering) (G 1 lineage): parasitoid wasp
Pest Rating: D

Little Fire Ant: Wasmannia auropunctata (Roger)
Pest Rating: A

Long-legged Ant: Anoplolepsis longipes
Pest Rating: A

Modoc Carpenter Ant: Camponotus modoc Wheeler
Pest Rating: C

Native Ant: Formica francoeuri Bolton
Pest Rating: C

Parasitoid wasp | Jaliscoa hunteri (Crawford)
Pest Rating: D

Stingless Bee: Plebeia frontalis (Friese)
Pest Rating: B

Tawny Crazy Ant | Nylanderia fulva
Pest Rating: A

Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead): Samurai wasp
Pest Rating: D                

⇒ LEPIDOPTERA

Agonopterix alstroemeriana (Clerck): a moth
Pest Rating: D

Arcola malloi (Pastrana): Alligatorweed stem borer moth
Pest Rating: D

Azalea Leafminer | Caloptilia azaleella (Brants)
Pest Rating: C

Banana Moth |  Opogona sacchari (Bojer)
Pest Rating: C

Barred Fruit-tree Tortrix | Pandemis cerasana Hübner
Pest Rating:  A

Carnation tortrix  |  Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Hübner)
Pest Rating: A  

Cherry Bark Tortrix | Enarmonia formosana (Scopoli)
Pest Rating:  A

Choreutis cf. emplecta (Turner): a moth
Pest Rating:  C

Cotton Bollworm | Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner)
Pest Rating: A

Cucumber Moth | Diaphania indica (Saunders)
Pest Rating: A

Cydalima perspectalis (Walker): box tree moth
Pest Rating: A

Eastern Tent Caterpillar |  Malacosoma americanum (Fabricius)
Pest Rating: A

Erythrina Twigborer: Terastia meticulosalis Guenée
Pest Rating:  B

Golden twin-spot moth: Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)
Pest Rating: A

Green Garden Looper | Chrysodeixis eriosoma (Doubleday)
Pest Rating:  A

Grey Tortrix | Cnephasia stephensiana Doubleday
Pest Rating: A

Leek Moth | Acrolepiopsis assectella (Zeller)
Pest Rating: A                        

Southern Armyworm: Spodoptera eridania (Stoll)
Pest Rating: A

Tomato Leafminer: Tuta absoluta (Meyrick)
Pest Rating: A

Winter Moth | Operophtera brumata (L.)
Pest Rating:  A

PHASMATODEA

Carausius morosus (Sinéty): Indian walking stick 
Pest Rating: C                        

THYSANOPTERA 

Arorathrips mexicanus (Crawford): a thrips
Synonym: Chirothrips mexicanus Crawford

Pest Rating:  C

Androthrips ramachandrai Karny: a thrips
Pest Rating:  C

Bamboo Orchid Thrips: Dichromothrips smithi (Zimmerman)
Pest Rating:  A

Banana-silvering Thrips: Hercinothrips bicinctus (Bagnall)
Pest Rating: B

Biltothrips minutus (Bhatti)
Pest Rating: A

Black Vine Thrips: Retithrips syriacus (Mayet)
Pest Rating: A

Chilli Thrips:  Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood
Pest Rating: B

Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom): common blossom thrips
Pest Rating: B

Frankliniella tritici (Fitch): eastern flower thrips(Trybom): common blossom thrips
Pest Rating: B                    

Gorse Thrips | Sericothrips staphylinus Haliday
Pest Rating: D

Japanese Flower Thrips | Thrips setosus
Pest Rating:  A

Kelly’s Citrus Thrips: Pezothrips kellyanus (Bagnall)
Pest Rating: A

Lord Howe Island Thrips | Dendrothrips howei Mound
Pest Rating: B 

Melon Thrips: Thrips palmi (Karny)
Pest Rating:  A

Rose Thrips | Thrips fuscipennis
Pest Rating:  A

A Thrips | Coremothrips pallidus Hood
Pest Rating: A

Thrips | Indusiothrips seshadrii Priesner
Pest Rating: A

Thrips | Trichromothrips priesneri (Bhatti)
Pest Rating: A

Weeping Ficus Thrips: Gynaikothrips uzeli (Zimmermann)
Pest Rating:  B


EARTHWORMS | ANNELIDA

Amynthas agrestis Goto & Hatai, 1899 Jumping worm
Pest Rating:  A